Republicans gained control of the Wisconsin Legislature in the 2010 election and redrew the state's political maps, turning a purple state into a solidly red one at the state legislative and congressional level, even as voters across the state remained about evenly split. Republican state legislators developed a new electoral map in secret and then passed it on a party-line vote.
If a single standard did emerge, it will probably resemble a multi-part test proposed by Justice Breyer, which asks questions like whether a single party controlled the map-drawing process, whether the maps give an asymmetrical advantage to one party, and whether that advantage is likely to persist over many elections.
The court's liberal justices suggested sympathy for immigrants like Rodriguez who face lengthy detention.
What's new are the technological tools available to district-drawers.
Paul Smith, representing the plaintiff-Democrats challenging the maps, said the state is asking for "a free pass to continue using an assembly map that is so extreme that it effectively nullifies democracy".
While the Supreme Court has a standard limiting the overreliance on race in map drawing except under the most limited circumstances, it has never been successful in developing a test concerning an overreliance on politics.
"There is only one prediction that is entirely safe about the upcoming term, and that is it will be momentous", Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg said in a speech last month at Georgetown University Law Center. In short, they are arguing that Republicans used partisan gerrymandering to their benefit. Generally, conservative justices aggressively question the liberal challengers and vice versa.
Gill v Whitford: Supreme Court to hear political gerrymandering case
Amid dire predictions of an imminent end to democracy, the U.S. Supreme Court on Tuesday debated whether modern-day gerrymandering is so partisan and polarizing that it violates the Constitution.
The court said it will not provide live audio of the highly anticipated argument, despite a request from several members of Congress to Chief Justice John Roberts.
But the last time it came up, Justice Kennedy wrote, I would not foreclose all possibility of judicial relief if some limited and precise rationale were found to correct an established violation of the Constitution in some redistricting cases..
Unchallenged in this case is the requirement that districts have equal population, which the Supreme Court mandated in Reynolds v. Sims in 1964.
Gill v. Whitford, docket 16-1161, is a case involving "extreme partisan gerrymandering".
Courts have struck down districts as racially biased for decades, and other partisan districting lawsuits are moving through the courts in Pennsylvania, Maryland and North Carolina. As Justice Ginsburg warned, "if you can stack a legislature in this way, what incentive is there" to vote?
The final outcome of Whitford, expected by June of next year, could either positively transform the American political system or further erode voting rights and make gerrymandering even worse. An intelligent man who was stopped on the street, Roberts said, would be skeptical the efficiency gap, which he portrayed as a complex mathematical formula, was the reason the court was striking down maps drawn by one party.
For example, Ohioans tend to vote by narrow enough margins in many statewide elections to flip power, and the nation's presidency, back and forth between Republicans and Democrats. When some receive hearings, a substantial number may win release: According to A.C.L.U. data, of the 1,680 bond hearings held in the Los Angeles area between October 2012 and April 2014 under the six-month rule imposed by the Ninth Circuit, immigration judges granted release in 70 percent of the cases. That happened in a brief in a case at the heart of the social debate about religious liberty and gay rights, where the justices will decide whether a Colorado businessman can decline to bake a cake for a same-sex wedding because of his First Amendment rights.
Chris Carson Carted Off with Apparent Leg Injury vs. Colts
A home loss against an undistinguished foe - with a young, untested quarterback at the helm - would have been devastating. The Rams struggled in the first half, as well, but turned it on after the break and dominated a very good Cowboys team.
No. 7 Georgia 41, Tennessee 0: Five things we learned
This past week, the Bulldogs were 4-0 and heading into Knoxville to play a Tennessee team that beat Georgia in 2015 and 2016. In that quote we see Smart's intentions on keeping the team focused on the primary of goal of winning the next game.
Arjen Robben Decides To Kick Carlo Ancelotti While He's Down
It's yet another blow for Bayern , who have started the season in poor form and parted with coach Carlo Ancelotti as a result. Talking about the shake after the change of coach, in our opinion, is not worth it, Sagnol - nothing more than a temporary.
Former Equifax CEO testifies before House Energy Committee
In other data breaches , like one at Target or Michael's, consumers could choose not to shop at a store that was affected. The investigation also noted that the number of affected Canadians was likely 8,000, not 100,000 as was first thought.
Official renders of the Pixel 2 phones surfaces
In order to watch the Google Pixel 2 and Pixel 2 XL launch live on October 4 , you will have to log on to their YouTube channel. On the other hand, the LG-made Pixel 2 XL will be much larger at 6 inches with a QHD+ screen and an 18:9 aspect ratio.
Denver Broncos vs Oakland Raiders
Denver got a 28-yard field goal from McManus after a first-quarter drive stalled at the Oakland 10 on a third-down incompletion. Last Sunday against the Raider defense quarterback Kirk Cousins (over 300 yards passing, with 3 touchdowns) looked like a star.
Bills upset Falcons in huge road win
That said, the Falcons now have two week to think about this tough loss against a team they should've beaten. It was definitely just a time to just say, 'Hey, guys, we've done this before.
MLB Wild-Card: Twins at Yankees Start Time, TV Schedule
The victor of tonight's game will travel to Cleveland for a seven-game series against the defending American League champs. Santana has a decade of experience on Severino and will not be bothered by pitching on the road at NY .