Febrero 20, 2018

United Nations unanimously backs new sanctions on North Korea

13 Setiembre 2017, 08:30 | Crisanna Felipe

North Korea says it needs nuclear arms to protect itself. US accuses it of"begging for war

North Korea Warns US Of'Greatest Pain Suffering Over Fresh Sanctions

Now it calls only for a reduction.

Washington's "scheme" to hamper Pyongyang's development and disarm the country through sanctions and pressures "has become clearly evident" through the passage of the new resolution, the North added.

U.S. treasury secretary Steven Mnuchin on Tuesday warned China that it could face additional sanctions from the USA if it doesn't follow through with the United Nations resolution.

Analysts said doubts remain over how tightly Beijing, Moscow and others will enforce the latest measures.

US Permanent Representative Nikki Haley, who proposed a virtual blockade of North Korea but agreed to the watered-down version after negotiations with China and Russian Federation, after the vote said that over 90 per cent of North Korea's exports were now banned when combined with earlier sanctions on iron ore, metals, seafood and coal exports.

"But those sanctions are nothing compared to what ultimately will have to happen".

The harsh rhetoric from the Trump administration toward North Korea has only increased the frequency of these tests and retaliatory statements against the USA and its allies in the region. It caps Pyongyang's imports of crude oil to the level of the last 12 months, and it limits the import of refined petroleum products to 2 million barrels a year.

The secret funds could amount to 17% of North Korea's annual economic output, which was estimated at $28.5 billion in 2016.

Blocking textile exports and cutting off the flow of oil from China would potentially be crippling measures.

A recent report by a United Nations panel of experts also found flaws in the enforcement of existing sanctions.

Von Hippel co-authored a report for Nautilus earlier this month that found even a major reduction in Chinese oil exports to North Korea would likely have only a muted impact on military activities because Pyongyang can safely be assumed to have significant stockpiles of oil. "The North Korean regime has not yet passed the point of no-return", AFP quoted Haley as saying.

The Trump administration adopted a totally new approach with this resolution, circulating an American draft on Tuesday and setting a vote six days later. The North flight-tested its developmental Hwasong-14 ICBMs twice in July and analysis of flight data suggested that the missiles could reach deep into the US mainland when perfected. I mean USA officials say at least the resolution gives them some new tools to crack down on smuggling - again, not as stringent as originally proposed. These measures will do little to actually prevent North Korea from pursuing its nuclear deterrent - the country has numerous ways of sustaining itself amid economic hardship, as it proved during a massive starvation that ran from 1994-1998.

"It does sound like USA patience is running out", Ruggiero said. "There is a long way to go before North Korea is going to feel the pressure they would need to feel to change their calculus".

"I could also imagine such a format to settle the North Korea conflict", she said.

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