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13 Setiembre 2017, 05:12 | Crisanna Felipe
German chancellor has suggested a diplomatic solution to the North Korean stand-off
China has sought to play a mediating role, backing progressively tougher sanctions like a ban on coal exports while proposing that both sides freeze hostilities and return to talks.
The draft resolution appears to have been weakened in a bid to appease North Korea's ally China and Russian Federation following negotiations during the past few days.
Washington has presented a draft United Nations resolution calling for an oil embargo on North Korea, an assets freeze on Kim Jong-un, a ban on textiles imports and an end to payments for North Korean guest workers.
China supplies materials to the North, where they are made into clothing in factories using cheap labour, and re-exported to China.
U.S. Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley said the new measures would deprive Pyongyang of at least $800 million in annual export revenues, primarily from banning its textile exports, and when combined with previous sanctions, would cut off about 90 percent of North Korea's earnings from exports, according to RFE/RL. On Monday, she said the US was not looking for war with North Korea and that Pyongyang had "not yet passed the point of no return". Pyongyang added in the statement that Washington will pay a heavy price for the new measures against the Kim regime.
China, however, sees no need to trigger a potential catastrophe on its border over what it regards as fundamentally a dispute between the US and North Korea. Mintaro Oba advised senior officials in President Barack Obama's administration on key issues in U.S. -Korea relations in 2016.
Mr Johnson said the new measures were "the most stringent UN sanctions regime placed on any nation in the 21st century".
Pyongyang meanwhile appeared to draw a different lesson from the Security Council vote.
In the wake of the sanctions' passage, Peru's foreign ministry said it had ordered North Korea's ambassador to leave the country within five days, joining Mexico in ejecting Pyongyang's representatives in recent weeks.
It was not immediately clear how North Korean ally China and Russian Federation would vote, but a senior USA official on Friday night expressed skepticism that either nation would accept anything more stringent than a ban on imports of North Korean textiles.
And the reduction of petroleum products flowing into North Korea is a serious tool for pinching the country's technological ambitions.
The country's 8.5 million barrels of overseas supply consists of 4 million barrels of crude and 4.5 million barrels of refined products.
"They were the toughest and most comprehensive set of sanctions that had been imposed on North Korea to date", Ms Bishop said.
"Today, we are saying the world will never accept a nuclear armed North Korea, and today the Security Council is saying that if the North Korean regime does not halt its nuclear program, we will act to stop it ourselves", U.S. ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley said following the vote Monday.
"We know the Americans may come back with many more sanctions but in response we Koreans will continue shooting up many more missiles and conducting many more H-bomb tests", North Korean shop assistant Han Myong Sim told CNN's Will Ripley.
China isn't as anxious about North Korea's nuclear program as it is the potential collapse of the country itself, which would create a refugee crisis on the Korean Peninsula and likely send millions of North Koreans pouring across the Chinese-North Korean border. This summer, the US targeted two Russian companies with penalties for supporting North Korean missile procurement. It would also ban all new and existing joint ventures and cooperative entities unless they are "non-commercial, public utility infrastructure projects not generating profit" that are approved by the United Nations.
Kim Hyun-Wook, professor at the Korea National Diplomatic Academy, warned there are "no means to check how much crude oil is delivered through the pipeline" between China and North Korea.
Last week the rogue state detonated a hydrogen bomb test, its sixth and most powerful nuclear test and recently launched a powerful new intermediate-range ballistic missile over Japan.
The global community formed a united front just a week after the testing of what Pyongyang claims to be a hydrogen bomb, expediting a negotiation process that took almost three months after the last nuclear detonation.
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